||The Mighty King (Office)
||The Lowly Servant (Office)
||The Ideal Man (Person)
||The Divine Son (Person)
Why We say Mark portrayed Jesus as The Servant
- No genealogy, no record of Jesus’s birth
- Focuses on Jesus’s actions more than His teaching, the book is a record of the services performed by The Servant of God
- Euthus (Greek) – this word is used 41 times, it is translated as straightway, immediately, forthwith, etc. It gives sense of urgency, immediacy and power.
- Characterized by directness, fast paced stories of Jesus in actions – characteristics of a faithful, hard working servant.
- Closed with – the Lord worked with them (16:20)
Mark 10:45 – For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.
- Shortest of the four gospel
- Earliest of the four gospel, Matthew and Luke used this book as reference when they wrote the other two gospel.
- The other Gospels quote all but 31 verses of Mark.
When and Where was it written?
- When it was written?
- Acts is dated as 63AD (before Paul’s death AD 64-65, Nero’s presecution on Christians AD 66-70)
- Since Luke was written before Acts, and Mark was written before Luke, Mark was written before AD 63
- Mark might have written this Gospel after Paul’s wrote the letter to the Romans in AD57 at Corinth on his 3rd mission trip
- Where it was written?
- Written in Rome, was intended primarily for Gentiles
- no references to Jewish law
- Only 2 quotes from OT (1:2)
- When using Aramaic terms, Mark translates them for his readers (3:17, 5:41, 7:11, 7:34, 10:46, 14:36, 15:22, 15:34)
- Constantly explains peculiarly Jewish terms and customs (7:3,14:12,15:42)
- Most bible scholars agree that it was written by Mark based on Peter’s preaching concerning Jesus
- John is his Jewish name, Mark is his Latin surname (Acts 12:12, 25)
- Mark’s mother’s name is Mary, she was wealthy lady living in Jerusalem, and Christians frequently had meetings in her house (Act 12:12)
- Some says the Last Supper and the 10 days prayers meeting before Pentecost was at Mark’s mother’s house. (Acts 1:13)
- A cousin of Barnabas (Col 4:10)
- He may be the young man with nothing but linen cloth in garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:51-52)
- Went on Paul’s 1st missionary trip with Barnabas, and left halfway at Perga (Acts 13:13) returned back to Jerusalem
- Barnabas wanted to take Mark on the 2nd missionary trip but Paul didn’t, so they went on their on way (Acts 15:37-39)
- He may be the man carrying a jar in Jerusalem whom Peter and John on the day before Passover (Mark 14:13-16)
- Mark was the spiritual son of Peter (1 Peter 5:13)
- Was with Paul in Rome’s prison (Col 4:10)
- Was with Peter in Babylon (Rome, 1 Peter 5:13)
- Last mentioned by Paul’s 2nd letter to Timothy, Paul asked Tim to bring along Mark to Rome (2 Tim 4:11), because Mark was very useful for Paul’s ministry
- Mark was dragged to pieces by the people of Alexandria, at the great solemnity of Serapis their idol, ending his life under their merciless hands. (Fox’s Book of Martyrs)
- Presentation of the Servant (1:1-13)
- The Servant’s Ministry in Galilee (1:14-9:50)
- The Servant’s Journey to Jerusalem (Ch 10)
- The Servant’s Ministry in Jerusalem (Ch 11 – Ch 16)
- Death and Resurrection (Ch 14:1-16:20)